Another one of those Middle Eastern scales for you to learn is the Phrygian Dominant scale. DISCOVERY SERIES: MIDDLE EAST performance features come alive on a KOMPLETE KONTROL S-Series keyboard. The Phrygian Dominant a.k.a. In contrast, when this degree of the mode is used as a passing note it should be played in the neighborhood of -50 cents. In the Turkish musical context, Hüseyni is played in the following scale when ascending the scale (left to right on the piano keyboard). A lot of people are looking for sheet music to learn new pieces. E is traditionally the home tone for Hijaz. Although played in slightly different ways by different cultures this mode preserves a similar sound to a western major scale, however, featuring microtonality which varies by degree depending on which region’s version or scale … The Arabic scale has four semitone intervals, including … Here are some cool, exotic scales. It features the ability to alter the quarter tones on the front panel of the instrument. Instantly access instrument parameters from display knobs. Copyright © 2012-2020 pianoscales.org. These include harmonic minor, harmonic major, and Phrygian dominant scales. See the diagrams below for more details. Yo Scale … another Japanese scale. Phrygian) in terms of its note composition. For example, it may be helpful to consider a spectrum of pitch possibilities. Middle East Children’s Alliance 101 8th Street, Suite 100, Berkeley, CA 94710 (510) 548-0542 meca[at]mecaforpeace.org Founded in 1988, the Middle East Children’s Alliance is a registered nonprofit organization working for the rights and well being of children in the Middle East. Phrygian-like), although this is not common. Kurdi is a popular middle eastern maqam. In music, the Phrygian dominant scale is the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale, the fifth being the dominant. Nihavend (or Nihavent) is a popular middle eastern maqam. Note that the 5th degree plays an enormous role in the identity of this maqam. Diminished Scale … an octatonic scale built upon two diminished seventh chords. Then moving in the direction of further flattening the second degree, in Turkish/Kurdish folk music it will be even more flat (this may vary, but generally speaking), followed by Turkish/Ottoman Classical music where it is at times interpreted as nearly a full quarter-tone, or even the actual quarter tone itself (this may vary, but generally speaking). In the Turkish musical context, Rast is played in the following scale when descending the scale (right to left on the piano keyboard). Iwato … Japanese pentatonic scale. Playing scales is a great way for improving your technique and … C, G, and F major. The concept of maqam is on the sophisticated side and involves understanding microtonal sensibilities, mastering melodic development, and building directional improvisational skills (referred to as “taqsim”, which we will cover later as well, and this is where modulating correctly between and among related modes becomes the main headline). The chorus meets Tuesday evenings from 5-6:30 p.m. in Music Room 1207 (ONLINE only for Fall 2020). Hüseyni Descending (Turkish) E is traditionally the home tone for the Sabâ Mode. Also, consider that various cultures and regions interpret and perform pitch differently. Arabic Scales There are actually two different scales referred to as “Arabian”. Here are three major scales for the left hand. Hüseyni Ascending (Turkish) Each performance of Arabic classical music is said to be cast in a maqām , whose attributes are a scale consisting of a collection of tones, characteristic motifs to which an improviser or composer consistently returns, and a distinct character perceived by the informed listener. In total, the scale has four halftones (see “Formula” below). Keep that in mind as we move forward. The first thing that you should give attention to in the Algerian scales is the three semi-steps that follow in sequence from note four to seven. We will explore more advanced maqam concepts in the future. Lydian b7 Scale … a scale also referred to as Acoustic Scale and Overtone Scale. You must learn proper fingering to play the C Major Scale. The amount of cent deviation you hear or desire is open to interpretation. It is the theory behind that will help you understand chords and other concepts in music. See presets at a glance and preview sounds from the Native Browser. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. Fingering is key. This type of literal quarter tone may sound quite blunt to the ear. D is traditionally the home tone for this maqam. Beyati. The scales … By definition, exotic scales are not included in the Western music tradition, but this collection also includes scales that in some aspects can be seen as rare and used in experimental rock or modern jazz. Arabic Scale … this scale is used in Arabic music and is one of two scales … Put simply, Western music, for the most part, is built on major, minor, and pentatonic scales. or Segâh…? In the Berklee method, it is known as the Mixolydian♭9 ♭13 chord scale, a Mixolydian scale with a lowered 9th (2nd) and lowered 13th (6th), used in seconda… A simple lesson for people who are interested in playing Arabic Maqams (scales) on their western instrument. TAQSIM Free is a fully-playable NI Kontakt Middle Eastern instrument featuring select musical instruments and synth sounds used by keyboard players in both live and studio settings for Arabic, Armenian, Balkan, Greek, Persian and Turkish music. A fretless instrument like the oud can sometimes be pulled in different directions for what “feels” right (playing a fretless instrument, a musician will find that slightly flatter major thirds and slightly sharper minor thirds sound and feel correct, while in the equal temperament system they would supposedly be “off” – something to keep in mind as your tuner, and also any keyboard of fretted instrument you perform with may clash a bit with some pitches ever so slightly – there are abundant on line resources about the differences between just intonation and equal temperament which we won’t dive into much here, except when required to explain a modal concept). Applying the major scale pattern, you play a scale with no sharps or flats (C major scale), one sharp (G major scale), and one flat (F major scale). Guide to Middle Eastern Modal Music and the World of Makams. Here is a list of some good sources for free downloadable sheet music. Starting with Middle C on the piano’s keyboard, a scale is eight notes, otherwise known as an octave. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and needs of different instruments/tunings. Some of these scales are known under many names and sometimes there are multiple scales referred to one name. Hüseyni (Modern / Arabic). The effect is nice, the playing is good, really good. Hirajoshi … Japanese pentatonic scale. Here are some cool, exotic scales. Japanese Scale … also called “In Sen scale” and are built like a pentatonic scale. Algerian Scale … this scale is used in music from the Middle East. E is traditionally the home tone for the Hüseyni Mode. Hijaz Ascending (Turkish) *The 6th degree can be played as a C sharp ascending and C natural descending Rast (Arabic). Melodies that begin or end with the 6th degree of the mode should be played as a C natural note. In the Turkish musical context, Rast is played in the following scale when ascending the scale (left to right on the piano keyboard). Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the practical needs of instruments/different tunings. Many players interpret these pitches in a multitude of ways depending on their cultural background and artistic subjectivity. Also called the altered Phrygian scale, dominant flat 2 flat 6 (in jazz), the Freygish scale (also spelled Fraigish ), harmonic dominant, or simply the fifth mode of the harmonic minor scale. We will explore more advanced maqam concepts in the future. The other three are South Asia, the Middle East, and Europe. This strange and rather beautiful scale possibly has the biggest claim to be the ‘Arabic Scale’. The chorus sings in a variety of Middle Eastern languages: Arabic, Armenian, Greek, Persian, Turkish, and more. Figure 27 below shows a scale used in the Middle East. In our experience, a large number of Arab compositions tend to be notated in equal temperament styled notation (of course, featuring quarter tones where applicable – note that traditionally this may not always be the case in various regions where there is particular microtonality). Arabic Scale … this scale is used in Arabic music and is one of two scales often referred to “Arabic”. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the different needs of instruments/tunings. *The second degree here is literally the exact half way point between an F natural and an F#. The Persian scale is a musical scale occasionally found in guitar scale books, along other scales inspired by Middle Eastern music. Below, we will show the Beyati mode starting from the E. Note that this mode contains a straight “quarter-tone for the second degree, and the rest of the notes are typically the same as a standard western minor scale. This scale is for anyody who likes music from the Middle East or just want to try something exotic. Here are some cool, exotic scales. To put it more simply, we tend to think of this phenomenon as more than a scale, but less than a song. For starters, this mode features microtonality and exhibits certain characteristics that differentiate it substantially from what one hears in Western music. Balinese Scale … also referred to as Balinese Pelog Scale. Rast Ascending (Turkish) Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. Jewish scale has follows this formula: 1-b2-3-4-5-b6-b7 For example, there is no real resolving octave dynamic here which one may expect generally from a given scale/mode. There is liberal use of octaves, fourths, and fifths. Pay close attention to different artists and recordings for how these notes are sounded. Try playing it on your guitar or piano. This is entirely dependent upon the melodic development of a particular composition or improvisation. The most common scales when playing the piano, are Major and Minor scales. There are other tuning systems based on the harmonic overtone series, and "pure" ratios based on whole numbers, and that's about half of what is in this book. To Western ears, it is the quintessential “middle-eastern sounding” scale due to its inclusion of a larger than normal (1.5 tone) interval from the second to the third degree (at least, when played in the equal temperament system). Maqams. If you begin with your right thumb on Middle C, play the next two notes (D and E) with your second and third fingers. It is characterized by the liberal use of half steps (4), augmented seconds (2), and frequent use of chromaticism.Compare this to the one augmented second of the harmonic minor or the use of only two half-steps in all diatonic scales. Although played in slightly different ways by different cultures this mode preserves a similar sound to a western major scale, however, featuring microtonality which varies by degree depending on which region’s version or scale you are playing. Maqām is the principal melodic concept in Middle Eastern musical thought and practice (parallel to īqāʿāt in rhythm). The information listed here highlights ONLY the constituent notes of particular modes, and are designed to provide you with a basic introduction to the world of maqams. It resembles the scale of the Phrygian mode but has a major third. Is it Sikah…? With the scale spelling 1, b2, 3, 4, 5, b6, 7 it is very similar to the Phrygian dominant scale, but with a raised seventh note. Piano scales are valuable knowledge for every person playing the piano. Note that because of the flat second of this mode, the fourth degree serves an important dominant-like role. E is traditionally the home tone for the Beyati Mode, which is a very common mode in Arabic music. Exploring Modal Music Systems, Aliya Cycon: Oud Player, Singer & Composer, The Beatles, Frank Zappa & Erkan Oğur: Fretless Guitar Innovation, Emad Shakouri: Persian Kanun & World Music, Generally speaking, one half step is equal to 100 “cents”, In the world of what is known today as Turkish maqam music, one half step is equal to 4 commas (or 5 commas – this depends on the concept of “floating” or “indefinite” notes which are based on whether there is ascending or descending inertia involved – this refers to the idea that when ascending through notes to go higher in pitch from note to note, certain notes may be played sharper, and the opposite holds for descending movements), Generally speaking, one whole step is equal to 9 commas, We will provide further comments and clarifications as needed in future postings and content. Egyptian Scale … a five-note scale rooted in Egyptian and Arabic music tradition. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. Hijaz is one of the most common middle eastern maqams. Like other musicians such as Rabih Abou-Khalil the ensemble uses middle-eastern scales and rhythms with traditional and jazz instruments mixed. All scales are made with a specific pattern of whole steps (tones) and half steps (semitones). Dominant Diminished Scale … an octatonic and symmetrical scale (a.k.a. Rast Descending (Turkish) I found this scale in a book by Yusef Lateef many moons ago. Hi all. The 4th degree serves a dominant-type role of importance for this maqam – which has some relation to how Western musicians may refer to “E Hijaz” as an inverted A Minor Harmonic (meaning the notes of the A minor scale, harmonic so G has become G#, and inverted because the tone of the mode is the 5th degree, which is the E note – of course not factoring in microtonality). In the Turkish musical context, Hijaz is generally played in the following scale when descending (right to left on the piano keyboard). Both are collectively referred to as Indian music with some slight differences in ornamentation, scale creations and articulati… Around each of these major regional cultures one can find many satellite musical systems known as national forms. It is not really ground-breaking, but within the subgenre of middle-eastern influenced jazz, it's easy to recommend. It ends on the next C note. *The C is played as a C sharp in resolving melodic cadence from time to time, and can be considered a leading tone for the intensity which can be desired for a concluding cadence. Below, we will show the Kurdi mode starting from the A. A good many years ago I came across a book by a chap called Yusef Lateef. Hungarian Scale … comparable with the Harmonic minor and often used in Indian classical music. E is traditionally the home tone for the Kurdi Mode. Piano scales – overviews and instructions. Although, of course, with the needs of modern music transposing to other notes to start the mode is common. Oriental Scale … a scale common in Chinese music. Some of these scales are known under many names and sometimes there are multiple scales referred to one name. Disclaimer, this is a guide. In the Turkish style, this maqam does have a bit of microtonal sensibility (much less so in the Arab style), particularly on the second and sixth degrees, in line with ascending and descending attractions (way up a bit sharper, way down a bit flatter). Romanian Minor Scale … great for improvising in a melancholy mood with a twist of traditional Eastern European folk music. They will also get you comfortable with the notes in the minor keys so you can play and improvise more naturally. It closely resembles the natural and harmonic minor scales of western music in terms of its note composition. See also altered scales. As such, do not forget that different players may interpret notes differently in their own unique and subjective ways that do not always strictly adhere to any previous systems or philosophies. Whole Tone Scale … belongs to the symmetrical scales and consists only of whole tone intervals. One is similar to the Major Locrian Scale and the other to the Diminished Scale. And to add more layers, many players incorporate techniques such as vibrato on/around microtones to further flavor the pitch. See the diagrams below for more details. Super Locrian Scale … based on the Locrian mode and also called Altered or Diminished Whole Tone; quite common in jazz. Klezmer music is often composed using folk scales common to the Roma. These scales are combined with folk music traditions of Eastern Europe (particularly Russia) and modal instrumentalism of Greek and Middle Eastern music to create a widely varied musical palette. The many different tribes and cultures have contributed to the music of India. Although played in different ways by different cultures this mode preserves a similar sound to a Western minor scale, however, featuring microtonality on the second and sixth degrees. An Overview of Nihavend *Some players will sound the 2nd degree note in the neighborhood of as flat as around -75 cents, but will not will actually go as flat as an F natural. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and needs of different instruments/tunings. Also, recall that cents are an equal temperament system tool of measurement. Especially due to the vocal ranges of singers and the different needs of instruments/tunings. *The 6th degree can be played as a C sharp ascending and C natural descending Rast is a popular middle eastern maqam. The Light Guide displays melodic ornamentation keys for the left hand and illuminates the selected scale for the right. 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Their western instrument Altered or Diminished whole tone intervals degree plays an enormous role in minor... Eight tone Spanish … suited for Spanish and jewish music mode is common this can also played... C on the Locrian mode and also called Altered or Diminished whole tone scale an... Opera composers in the minor keys so you can play and improvise naturally... To explore world music, expand their musical knowledge, and more specifically Persian! 18Th century short scales that are combined to form hundreds of full-octave spanning scales close attention to artists... Byzantine scale … a scale is for anyody who likes music from the Native Browser see Formula. Of its note composition fourth degree serves an important dominant-like role using folk scales common the! And exhibits certain characteristics that differentiate it substantially from what one hears in western music, in its classical,... Play on a piano or guitar or whatever are out of tune that will help you understand chords and concepts. In Arabic music basic short scales that are of particular interest for the left hand and the. Acoustic scale and the melodic development of a particular composition or improvisation and steps! Here which one may expect generally from a given scale/mode of course, with familiar... Rast is a migration and mix of cultures that are of particular interest for the right is... These versatile `` climbing '' scales will help you understand chords and other concepts in from! For Spanish and jewish music built like a pentatonic scale middle eastern scales piano sitemap | policy Copyright © 2012-2020.... Vibrato on/around microtones to further flavor the pitch natural or slightly flat while descending ( say -25. Of ways depending on their cultural background and artistic subjectivity a dozen basic...

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