The hippopotamus (/ ˌ h ɪ p ə ˈ p ɒ t ə m ə s / HIP -ə- POT -ə-məs ; Hippopotamus amphibius), also called the hippo , common hippopotamus or river hippopotamus , is a large, mostly herbivorous , semiaquatic mammal and ungulate native to sub-Saharan Africa . Species: South African Cheetah. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus jubatus. The species name, jubatus, means "maned", referring to the mantle on a young cheetah's back. The cheetah is a specialized hunter of open plains, chasing down extremely fast small antelopes as its primary prey. The cheetah has made a number of behavioral adaptations to increase survival chances, which range from staying close to the mother when young to avoid predators and the mother hiding cubs in holes or bushes while she gathers food for the young, to the fact that male cheetahs travel in groups, while the female always travels alone. In May 1981, two spotted sisters gave birth there and each litter contained one king cheetah. The impala (/ ɪ m ˈ p ɑː l ə,-ˈ p æ l ə /, Aepyceros melampus) is a medium-sized antelope found in eastern and southern Africa.The sole member of the genus Aepyceros, it was first described to European audiences by German zoologist Hinrich Lichtenstein in 1812. By 1987, 38 specimens had been recorded, many from pelts. Its species status was resolved in 1981 when king cheetahs were born at the De Wildt Cheetah Center in South Africa. They have slender bodies with a yellowish tan-colored fur with black spots and a white belly. The Northwest African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki), also known as the Saharan cheetah, is a cheetah subspecies native to the Sahara and the Sahel.It is listed as Critically Endangered on the IUCN Red List.In 2008, the population was suspected to number less than 250 mature individuals. Region: Kaokoland. Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus Conservation Status: Vulnerable. The oldest cheetah fossils, found in eastern and southern Africa, are approximately 3.5 to 3 million years old. Size: medium-sized The South African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus jubatus), also known as the Namibian cheetah, is the most numerous and the nominate cheetah subspecies native to Southern Africa.Since 1986, it has been classified as Vulnerable by the IUCN. The English word, "cheetah", comes from the Hindu word "chita" meaning the "spotted one". Northwest African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus hecki) Northeast African cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii) The genus name, Acinonyx, is interpreted as 'non-moving claws', referring to the semi-retractable claws. This subspecies’ tail is also notably thick. Acinonyx jubatus jubatus,the South African Cheetah was named by Johann Christian Daniel von Schreber in 1775. A cheetah's adaptations make it the fastest animal on land, capable of reaching speeds near 70 miles per hour in only three seconds. The cheetah is a wild cat that lives in South-, East-, and North Africa. When reaching top speeds, a cheetah's body is under tremendous stress. Early fossils of A. jubatus were discovered in Northern Tanzania, Africa. The scientific name for cheetah is Acinonyx jubatus. Two subspecies are recognised—the common impala, and the larger and darker black-faced impala. Subspecies: There are currently four recognized subspecies of cheetah: Asiatic cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) – Critically Endangered, only found in Iran. The cheetah is the solely taxon not being reported to show a rare color variation. On land, it’s the fastest animal in the world and can reach speeds up to 112 km/h (70 mph). Scientific Name: Acinonyx jubatus soemmeringii Lifespan: up to 10 years Origin: Northeast Africa Common Names: Somali cheetah, Northeast African cheetah, Central African cheetah. Country: Namibia. 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